Good morning Year 4,
Yesterday was Earth Day so your reading text today is…. about Earth Day 2020!
Read the text below and answer questions in full sentences. Happy reading!
Earth Day 2020!
Earth Day is a global initiative that happens every year on April 22nd. Around
the world, people come together to celebrate the beauty and importance of
nature and to raise awareness of how important it is to look after our planet.
What Is the Aim Of Earth Day?
This year, on its 50th anniversary, Earth Day is all about Climate Action. This
means that people are thinking about different ways in which they can help
look after the planet and are meeting other people who want to do the same
thing. A big clean-up of towns and the countryside is being organised and many
people all around the world are volunteering to take part. It is hoped that this
will encourage others to try to protect our environment and make changes to
their lifestyle. Even just one small change can make a difference.
Our Plastic Problem
Every year in the UK, we throw away around 295 billion pieces of
plastic. Plastic doesn’t biodegrade over time and lots of it can’t be
recycled. That means that it will stay in the ground for hundreds,
even thousands, of years.
Plastics can also cause problems for humans and animals because
as they break down, tiny pieces called microplastics can end up in
some food and water, which is then ingested. Scientists think that
this could lead to health problems, but it has not yet been widely
researched. By using less plastic in our houses and choosing plastic
that can be recycled, we reduce the amount we have to throw away.
To help make a difference to our plastic problem, try taking the same
plastic bag to the supermarket every time you go, using a reusable
water bottle for your drinks or recycling plastic food packages, like chocolate
bar wrappers and cereal boxes.
Looking after the plants in our gardens is a constructive way to contribute
towards protecting our planet. Plants and trees are crucial to the wellbeing of the
planet for many different reasons. They help remove some of the warming gases,
such as carbon dioxide, out of the air and provide food for important pollinating insects, like bees. Pollinating insects help make sure that a variety of plants can
grow, providing enough food for humans to eat and making sure there is a safe home for a variety of species of wildlife. Try planting some bee-friendly plants and trees in your garden. You could even have a go at growing your own vegetables. You don’t need to have a garden to grow plants. Plant seeds in pots on your windowsill and watch them grow. Just don’t forget to water them.
Eat Less Meat
Many scientists believe that one way to help our planet is by eating more
food made from plants rather than animals. This is because animals take up
lots of space and need lots of food and water to keep them healthy. This is
leading to the deforestation of woodland which is having a devastating effect on
many species of plants and animals. Even cattle and sheep’s poo is bad for the
environment because it gives off a warming gas called methane. Just a small
change can make a big difference. See if you can have a meal without meat
once a week. You could look for a meat-free version of your favourite foods like
burgers, chilli and even sausages. Or, you could make a dish where plants are
the star. Try it and see!
Here are your questions for today:
- Where does Earth Day take place?
2. What event is being organised for Earth Day this year?
3. Find and copy the word that means the same as ‘breaks down naturally’.
4. Why is it a bad thing that plastic stays in the ground for many years?
5. Why do you think the writer has added ‘just don’t forget to water them!’ to the section
about growing your own fruit and vegetables?
6. In your own words, explain the importance of eating less meat.
7. ‘As you can see, there are lots of ways we can all take action and help the planet’
Thinking about the advice in the text, what do you think would be the most difficult action
to take? Explain your reasoning.
Enjoy your day Year 4.