Happy Thursday Year 4. Read the text carefully and answer the questions in full sentences, where appropriate.
Who Found His Tomb?
The tomb was found by a group of researchers lead by Howard Carter. The reason why Tutankhamun is one of the most famous and talked about pharaohs is because his tomb was only found in 1922, which means that all of the artefacts and the body inside have been left in very good condition. Carter knew where to look because he worked out from other important finds that the tomb would be in the Valley of the Kings. A cup found by a man named Theodore Davis, with Tutankhamun and his wife on it, was a clue that Carter said helped him find the tomb of the Boy King.
What They Found Inside
Inside the tomb they found over 3000 artefacts that were put in for Tutankhamun to take with him into the afterlife. Many of the items were made from, or covered in, gold, only fitting for a king to own. The tomb itself was split into many different rooms. Most of the rooms were for the objects, apart from the burial chamber which just held his sarcophagus (a decorated stone coffin).
Normally, all the walls would be carved or painted, which is how we know that Tutankhamun died very suddenly. Many historians also believe that the tomb itself was not made for him in the first place and the burial chamber and decorations were added later. The burial chamber with the body is the only decorated room in the tomb, which is an unusual for a resting place for a King. The mages on the walls were from a ritual called the ‘opening of the mouth.’
The Curse of the Mummy!
The curse of the mummy started after Tutankhamun’s tomb was opened. Mummies have been thought to have magical powers over any who disturb them. It started with Lord Carnarvon; the man who paid for the dig of King Tut’s tomb died soon after it was opened. As soon as he died, all the lights in Cairo went out mysteriously. Other stories are that Carter’s pet canary was killed by a cobra and Carnarvon’s dog died the same night. Some think it was a germ but others say it was magic.
Now answer the following questions, remember full sentences.
- Explain, in your own words, how Carter knew where to look for Tutankhamun’s tomb.
- Which word is closest in meaning to the word ‘historical treasures’? afterlife, artefacts, decorated, objects
- Why might Howard Carter be surprised to see that the burial chamber was the only room decorated?
- Why are the artefacts described as ‘fitting for a king’ to own?
- Do you think Tutankhamun was an important king in his lifetime? Use evidence from the text to support your answer.
- Read the ‘Who Found His Tomb?’ section. What other name is used to refer to Tutankhamun?
- Would you like to discover an ancient Egyptian tomb? Use evidence from the text to support your answer.